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The Mind and the Eye:
The Theories Behind Photographic Practices – Part 2
A PH21 Academy workshop with Zsolt Bátori


Throughout the history of photography, the creation of images and theoretical reflection have consistently intertwined to the extent that the often artificial division between theory and practice has been challenged. Photographic practices have given rise to numerous genres, systems of interpretation, and modes of evaluation. 

In this workshop, our primary objective is to explore these practices, genres, interpretation techniques, and evaluation systems by delving into the inherent qualities and potential of the medium itself. Our approach will involve both collaborative discussions on pivotal questions in photography theory and analytical examinations of case studies drawn from photographic examples provided by the course participants.


This is the second part of a two-part workshop.

In the second part of the workshop, we will cover the following topics:

  • Photographic realism: When and why is realistic depiction a photographic value and when does it become insignificant?

  • Photographic meaning construction and interpretation: The photographer, the image, and the audiences.

  • Photographic manipulation and deception: How can we detect them and how can we avoid them?

  • Conceptual photography: The primacy of the idea?

  • AI-generated photo-based images: Beyond photography?


Workshop Details:

  • Limited number of participants: To ensure personalized attention, we can accept a maximum of 12 participants on a first-come, first-served basis.

  • Duration: 4.5 hours (3x1.5 hours)

  • Dates: April 13, 20, 27, 2024 (Saturdays), 5:00 – 6:30 pm, CET, Europe / 11:00 – 12:30 pm, EST, USA​

  • Workshop with Zsolt Bátori

  • Format: Online (accessible from anywhere): Zoom Video Conferencing software (available for free from will be used to facilitate the class sessions.

  • Language: English



  • Regular workshop tuition: €190.00

  • Special workshop tuition: €120.00

  • The special rate is for students, unwaged individuals, and applicants from low-income economies. Please do not inquire about your eligibility or provide any proof, as we trust your judgement. The special rate is simply for people who, for the reasons indicated, would have difficulties paying the regular fee.

  • Full refund until March 1, 2024.

  • 50% refund until March 15, 2024.

Don't miss this unique opportunity to dive into the intricacies of photography theory and gain valuable insights from an experienced photography theorist and curator. Reserve your spot now to secure a place among a select group of passionate photographers.

Please use PayPal to pay your tuition fee and reserve your spot. We can only accept payments via PayPal at the moment.

Instructor: Zsolt Bátori


Zsolt Bátori is a curator, photographer, photography theorist, philosopher of art, and educator. He is the founder director and curator of PH21 Gallery, having provided group and solo exhibition opportunities to photographers internationally for over a decade at PH21 Gallery in Budapest and in collaboration with galleries in Barcelona, Jersey City, and Rome. Zsolt has nurtured the careers of many photographers who have gone on to receive further exhibition and career opportunities after exhibiting at PH21 Gallery.

After obtaining his PhD in Philosophy from Rutgers University, he has taught and conducted research at universities in Hungary, the USA, Argentina, and Spain, and his own photographic work has been exhibited internationally. Currently, Zsolt serves as a member of the executive committee of the International Association for Aesthetics and the Association of Hungarian Photographers. He has also been invited to serve as a juror for Photolucida Critical Mass 2023.

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